Restoration of food security

Restoration of food security aims at;

*enhancing production of healthy food,

*enhancing timely accessibility to food,

*enhancing proper food utilization and

*enhancing proper food waste management.

The following are the ways of enhancing restoration of food security;

1.Increase production capacity-there are several ways of increasing production capacity, namely;

manuration-adding manure in the soil increases soil fertility which in turn increases production.

It should be noted that inorganic fertilizers are not a healthy option.

Organic fertilizers are recommended. They feed soil organisms and enhance a healthy soil food web.

Besides farm manure i.e compost and animal wastes,biodegradable fertilizers are recommended. A good example is SUPER GRO which has been locally tested by the University of Nairobi and proven to increase crop yields by 167%.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/products

steady water supply-water is life.When there are no rains,irrigation can still enhance food production.

increase land for production-increasing the size of land meant for food production automatically increases the quantity of food produced.

steady supply of seeds-in the past,farmers prepared seeds from their harvests.

This ensured affordable and steady supply of seeds throughout the year.

Nowadays, most seeds are bought. This makes it hard for some poor farmers to plant under tough economic times.

Guaranteeing seed availability at affordable prices guarantees food security.

avail veterinary services-some farmers lose their cattle to sickness due to ignorance and lack of information.

Guaranteeing animal treatment reduces deaths.

2.Build food markets-building both local and international food markets guarantees accessibility to food.

3.Training-training both farmers and general masses ensures food security.

Farmers need training on healthy food production,food handling and food storage techniques.

The general masses need training on food utilization, food preparation is cooking, and the importance of variety.

4.Infrastructure development-development of good road transport, railway transport, water transport and air transport increases food availability, accessibility and utilization.

Some foods like fruits and vegetables need a faster transport network.

5.Develop a healthy food system-food system is about the movement of food from the farm to the plate and eventually waste disposal.

Both local and international food systems should be developed to reduce wastage.

Healthy waste disposal reduces environmental pollution which in turn enhances food security.

Benefits of food security

1.Optimal health-nutritious food is the basis for great health.

Supplying the body with right nutrition in the right quantities consistently guarantees good health.

2.Increased human productivity-healthy people are very productive.

They have both the energy and the mental capacity to produce.

Thinking is the hardest work.The mind can not concentrate when the stomach is empty.

3.Social stability-when people desperately need food,peace can not be guaranteed.

Some nations have fallen due to food shortage.

4.Increased opportunities for prosperity-human productivity is both quality and quantity.

Surplus production of goods and services creates more opportunities for trade.

5.Low cost of living-a steady supply of food stabilizes food prices.

Increased productivity lowers the cost of living.

This explains why food prices are low during harvest time.

Effects of food insecurity

1.Loss of lives-extreme cases of food shortage results in deaths of plants,animals and mankind.

2.Social instability-some world governments have fallen due their inability to guarantee food security for their citizens.

3.Increase in diseases-poor nutrition is a leading cause for many diseases.

Some diseases are caused by malnutrition and others by undernutrition.

4.Poor food choices-extreme cases of food shortage makes some people to eat wild fruits. Some cause death due to poisoning.

We have had cases of people consuming maize seeds.

We have also seen some communities resort to eating rats.

4.Increase in poverty-food is a basic human need. During scarcity, food prices skyrocket. An increase in food prices raises the cost of living.

When people consistently spend more on purchase of food, poverty levels begin to rise.

It’s already estimated that millions of people live on less than a dollar a day.

This situation becomes worse with higher food prices.

5.Reduced human productivityloss of weight due to insufficient food lowers the ability to work.

Extreme hunger can lead to heart shrinkage.It may also impair the functioning of other vital body organs eg the brain and the kidney.

According to UNICEF, as many as 17million babies are born underweight each year due to inadequate nourishment prior to and during pregnancy.

This results in lower birth weight, smaller head size and brain weight and increased risk of illness and learning disabilities.

 

Restoration of environmental health

Restoration of environmental health aims at;

*allowing the environment to refresh itself

*Making mankind to be mindful of other living things and

*enhancing harmony in the ecosystem.

The following are the ways of enhancing environmental restoration;

1.Enhance a healthy soil food Web-soil organic matter is the storehouse for the energy and nutrients used by plants and other organisms.

Bacteria, fungi and other soil dwellers transform and release nutrients from organic matter.

These microshredders,immature oribatid mites skeletonize plant leaves.This starts the nutrient cycling of carbon, nitrogen and other elements.

Practices that build soil organic matter include reduced tillage and additions of organic material.

2.Healthy waste disposal management-human activities create different types of wastes every single minute, hour and day.

We produce both organic wastes eg food remains and inorganic wastes like syringes from hospitals among others.

When all these wastes are not properly disposed, it increases environmental pollution and it’s effects.

Every kind of waste needs to be disposed in a manner that does not cause environmental pollution.

3.Afforestation-this is the planting of trees in an area that did not initially have them.

Afforestation has so many advantages but key among them are;increasing oxygen levels in the atmosphere, increasing precipitation and improving biotic and abiotic components.

4.Planting cover crops-besides food from cover crops, they help to reduce soil erosion.

Soil erosion reduces soil fertility and productivity.

5.Encourage organic/sustainable farming-in simplest terms,sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber,or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities and animal welfare.

6.Encourage investment in green energy-production and transportation of oil pollutes the environment.

Governments and individuals should be encouraged to explore options in green energy eg solar energy.

7.Encourage production of green products-the world is filled with so many products most of which are harmful to the environment.

Companies should be encouraged to produce earth-friendly products eg biodegradable detergents, biodegradable fertilizers among others.

8.Encourage water harvesting and storage-there are times when rainfall is in excess. Such times,water should be harvested by use of dams or tanks and used at later dates when there is shortage.

9.Use compost and animal manure-natural manure is better than inorganic fertilizers.

Inorganic fertilizers pollute soils and kill soil organisms responsible for maintaining soil health and fertility. 

SUPER GRO is a biodegradable fertilizer proven to maximize farm productivity by up to 167%.We also recommend the use of biodegradable fertilizers and other earth friendly products.

Read more on green products here http://www.thenewgreenearth.WordPress.com/products

Benefits of a healthy environment

1.Healthy food web-soil food web consists of organisms responsible for maintaining soil health and fertility.

Harsh chemicals used for washing and general cleaning threaten the lives of these organisms and soil health in general.

2.Healthy atmosphere-the atmosphere is responsible for regulating the air we breath, air responsible for manufacture of food by plants and other gases.

The atmosphere is also responsible for giving us rainfall.

Destruction of the ozone layer by air pollution has serious effects like global warming which is the biggest crisis of our time.

3.Quality food production-soil health has a direct effect on the quality of food produced.A healthy soil produces healthy food and vice versa.

Contamination of water bodies destroys marine life.We have also had cases of fish found to be contaminated with mercury.We have cases in Kenya of some farmers growing vegetables using sewage water.

Food contamination has very serious health effects.The rising food related diseases eg cancer are associated with food pollution.

4.Abundant food production-about 3 decades ago, farm productivity was very high.Farm produced a lot of food.

Every homestead had granaries to store farm produce.Some families had enough food to last them till the next harvest.

A healthy environment enhances food security.

5.Healthy and productive lives-good nutrition is the basis for optimal health. A healthy environment produces healthy food.

A hungry man is an angry man.There is a saying that people who feel good about themselves produce good results. Anger isn’t a good feeling and therefore it can’t produce good results.

Productivity is both quality and quantity. A healthy environment enhances both quality and quantity productivity.

6.Low cost of living-food security ensures that all people at all times have a steady access to sufficient amounts of healthy and nutritious food to sustain healthy and productive lives.

One of the main reasons for hikes in food prices is food scarcity.

Since food is a basic human need, any increase in food prices raises the cost of living.

Food security therefore guarantees a low cost of living.

7.Undisrupted seasons-environmental pollution causes a change in weather patterns every year.

These changes shorten some seasons and prolong others.

Uneven weather patterns have serious implications on food production, population growth and stability.

8.Social stability-when everything in the environment is balanced, stability is achieved.

When there are unfavorable weather patterns, drought,food scarcity and deaths of animals and mankind due to starvation becomes common.

Cases of intercommunity conflicts over limited resources like water and grazing fields are reported in Kenya every year.

9.Quality lives-a healthy environment enhances both health and wealth.

Resources in a healthy environment are wealth.

10.Source of inspiration and knowledge-a healthy environment inspires creativity.

By observing nature, we learn a lot of things. Nature has a perfect order that ensures that things happen in a particular way consistently without causing confusion.

A scientist discovered the law of gravity by observing a falling mango.

Effects of environmental pollution

Air pollution

1.Respiratory diseases-Evidence of increasing air pollution is seen in lung cancer,asthma, allergies and various breathing problems along with severe and irreparable damage to flora and fauna.

2.Bird migration-Even the most natural phenomenon of migratory birds has been hampered with severe air pollution preventing them from reaching their seasonal metropolitan destinations of centuries.

3.Global warming-Chlorofluocarbons(CFC) released from refrigerators, air conditioners, deodorants and insect repellents cause severe damage to the earth’s environment. This gas has slowly damaged the atmosphere and depleted the ozone layer leading to global warming.

Water pollution

1.Death of marine life-contanination of water bodies with harmful chemicals kills fish and other water inhabitants.

2.Waterborne diseases-contaminated water is not fit for human use as drinking water.Cholera,typhoid and dysentery spread very fast through water.

3.Fish contamination-polluting water bodies with chemicals and metals is very harmful. Fish contaminated with mercury causes serious health problems.

Noise pollution

Examples of noise pollution are aircraft noise, noise of cars,buses, trucks,vehicle horns,loudspeakers,and industry noise.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has documented seven categories of adverse health and social effects of noise pollution, whether occupational, social or environmental:

1.hearing impairment

2.interference with spoken communication

3.cardiovascular disturbances

4.mental health problems

5.impaired cognition

6.negative social behaviour eg bad mood.

7.sleep disorders.

Soil pollution

Soil pollution may result from acid rain,polluted water, fertilizers etc.

Contaminated soils produce bad crops unfit for human consumption.

Other effects of pollution

Global warming as a result of the destruction of the ozone layer affects climate. Climate change has serious effects.

1.Drought-lack of rain for a long time kills plants,crops and vegetation. Severe drought causes death of animals and human beings.

2.Wild fires-excessive heat due to high temperatures sometimes causes wild fires.

3.Famine/food scarcity-Poor rainfall affects food production.

Food scarcity leads to poor food choices, undernutrition and malnutrition.Poor nutrition may lead to a variety of food related diseases.

Food scarcity causes a hike in food prices which in turn increases the cost of living.

4.Poverty-when families fail to afford basic commodities consistently, their capacity to live productive lives is hampered.

5.Social instability-Uneven distribution of basic commodities eg food and water is a recipe for wars between communities.

In Kenya,some pastoral communities fight, kill and displace others due to competition over limited resources like water and animal grazing fields.

6.Corruption-One man’s meat is another man’s poison. We have opportunists everywhere. The highest form of corruption is done by governments.

Instead of solving perennial problems related to food scarcity for instance, some governments allocate billions of shillings every year that end up in the pockets of a few.