Optimal health

As explained in the preamble of the constitution of the World Health Organization, health is defined as a “state of complete physical,mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

An article in the “American journal of Health promotion” by Michael O’Donnell, explains  that optimal health is a balance  of five areas of health.These areas are;emotional, physical,spiritual, intellectual and social health.

The concept of optimal health focuses on mental health and healthful relationships,as well as nutrition and exercise.

nurturing optimal health & wellness

Lifestyle changes can be accomplished through education, a change of behavior and creating an environment that supports sound health practices.

Such efforts might include time set aside from work and school for exercise, access to health facilities, reading books and participating in activities that stimulate brain function.

Other solutions might include the availability of nutritious food in cafeterias and workplaces, time provided for meditation and spiritual reflection, and hosting parties and activities where peers and coworkers can gather and build stronger friendships and connections.

Human health has been deteriorating over the years due to food insecurity and poor healthcare.Read more on restoration of optimal health here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/optimal-health/restoration-of-optimal-health

Ill health reduces human productivity. Read more on effects of ill health here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/optimal-health/effects-of-ill-health

It’s more beneficial to be healthy than to be ill.Read more on the benefits of optimal health here http://www.thenewgreenearth.WordPress.com/optimal-health/benefits

Food exchange

Around the world few individuals or households are continuously self reliant for food. This creates the need for bartering ,exchange or cash economy to acquire food.

The exchange of food requires efficient trading systems and market institutions which can affect food security.

Per capita world food supplies are more than adequate to provide food security to all and thus food accessibility is a greater barrier to achieving food security.

Food distribution

Because consumers outnumber producers in every country, food must be distributed to different regions and nations.

Food distribution involves the storage, processing, transport, packaging and marketing of food.

Poor transport infrastructure can increase the price of supplying water and fertilizer as well as well as the price of moving food to national and global markets.

Food production

Food availability refers to the supply of food through production, distribution and exchange.

Food production is determined by a number of factors including land ownership and use,soil management, crop selection, livestock breeding and management and harvesting.

Crop production can be affected by changes in rainfall and temperatures.

The use of land, water and energy to grow food often competes with other uses which can affect food production.

Land used for agriculture can be used for urbanization or lost to desertification and soil erosion due to unsustainable agricultural practices.

Food security

The final report of the 1996 World Food Summit states that food security exists when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient,safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

Our forefathers had a system that ensured food security.By the time of harvesting,they still had food in granaries.Farms were kept busy with varieties of food for both long-term and short-term needs.

They were committed to the farm as the primary source of food and it never failed them.They also knew how to maintain soil fertility through farm manure.Today,food security is more tha a family issue!

There are four pillars of food security namely;food availability,food accessibility,food utilization and food stability.

Food security has many advantages including but not limited to optimal health.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/food-security/benefits-of-food-security

Food insecurity has serious impacts on man and animals. The most serious is loss of lives.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.WordPress.com/food-security/effects-of-food-insecurity

Working towards restoration of food security is an urgent need of our time.Read more on how to restore food security here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/restoration-of-food-security

Environmental health

What is environmental health?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Envionmental health as the science and practice of prevening human injury and illness and promoting wellbeing by;

1.identifying and evaluating environmental sources and hazardous agents and

2.limiting exposure to hazardous physical,chemical and biological agents in air,water,soil,food and other environmental media or settings that may adversely affect human health.

What is the focus of environmental restoration?

Environmental restoration aims at creating awareness on,initiating and implementing activities that result in;

1.stopping soil pollution,

2.stopping water pollution,

3.stopping air pollution,

4.stopping noise pollution,

5.stopping food pollution,

6.stopping deforestation and other harmful environmental activities.

To achieve the above, this section is subdivided into 3;Restoration of environmental health, effects of environmental pollution and benefits of a healthy environment.

Restoration of environmental health deals with ways of enhancing a healthy environment.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/environmental-health/restoration-of-environmental-health

Effects of environmental pollution shows the consequences of harming the environment.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/environmental-health/effects-of-pollution

Benefits of a healthy environment on the other had is about the merits of restoration.Read more here http://www.thenewgreenearth.wordpress.com/environmental-health/benefits-of-a-healthy-environment